132 sq f09 - Ethical Theory Study Questions Plato (15) 1....

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Ethical Theory Study Questions Plato (15) 1. Describe the story about Gyges' ring. What does this story suggest about human motivation? Do you agree with this account of human nature? Why or why not? 2. If Glaucon is right about human nature, what does that suggest about the nature of morality? Do you agree? Rachels (21) 1. Rachels discusses three arguments in favor of Ethical Egoism. What are they? 2. What is his response? Hume (1) 1. What is Hume's argument that morality cannot be derived from reason? What do you think of it? 2. Hume's alternative is that sentiment is the foundation of morality. What might Kant say to this? What do you think? 3. Is there an ethical theory, in the sense of a systematic way to make and justify moral judgments, in Hume's account of morality? If so, how would you describe it? How does it work? Shafer-Landau (18) 1. What is moral rationalism? How does it differ from Hume’s view? 2. What arguments does SL offer in support of it? How does he respond to objections? Harmon (5) 1. What is Harmon’s version of moral relativism? What arguments does he give in favor of it? Midgley (7) 1. What argument does Midgley give against moral relativism? How might Harmon respond? Mill (48) 1. What is the "greatest happiness principle"? What do you think of this principle? 2. How does Mill analyze the concept of pleasure? What do you think of this analysis? 3. What objections to utilitarianism does Mill consider? What are his responses? For each response, do you find it credible? Are there some other objections that Mill has failed to consider? 4.
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132 sq f09 - Ethical Theory Study Questions Plato (15) 1....

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