Midterm Review Sheet.docx - Spring 2020 Bogart ANT 2301...

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Spring 2020 Bogart ANT 2301 Midterm (15%) Review Sheet Module 1 Sexuality and Anthropology Introduction What is sexuality? And why do we care to understand it? What is Anthropology? – four subfields? How can each subfield inform or answer questions with regards to human sexuality?How does the scientific method work? Define biological evolution and some mechanisms that drive it oWhat is sexual selection? Broadly what is culture and why might it be difficult to define? oHow might culture interact with evolution? How can we test culture? From the archaeological record what do we know about historical societies and their attitudes about sex? What were some major historical developments in contraception?
Spring 2020 Bogart Ovulation and hormones confirmed Where do we get our sexual knowledge? – Informal sex education network Media and Sexual Information o 85% of movies referenced sex o 82% of television o 59% of music videos, 37% music lyrics o Video games are generally consistent o References to sexual risks and responsibilities = 14%; info gathered from the media is incomplete o Heterosexual script dominant with specific gender roles Abstinence-only approach? o Driven by religious values o Avoided talking about sexual behaviors, STI’s, contraception, and pregnancy o Supported by conservatives o 2000-2008 Research found this approach failed; pregnancy rates increased in states that took the abstinence approach o Teen birth rates are significantly higher in the US than in Europe How are societal norms driven? What are the five meanings of normal?

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