exam with answer key (italics)

exam with answer key (italics) - Psychology 165 Spring,...

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Psychology 165 Spring, 2010 Midterm 1 1) Which of the following pair of psychotherapeutic orientations adopt a basically optimistic view of life? a) Cognitive-behavioral and Experiential b) Cognitive-behavioral and Psychoanalysis c) Experiential and Existential d) Existential and Psychoanalysis 2) Which of the following is NOT part of Orlinsky and Howard’s (1987) definition of psychotherapy: a) one or more individual defined as able to provide help b) a relation among persons c) one or more individual defined as sick d) the goal of improving one’s functioning as a person 3) _________ that signal that a given response will be punished are called ________. a) Unconditioned stimuli; active avoidance cues b) Unconditioned stimuli; passive avoidance cues c) Discriminative stimuli; active avoidance cues d) Discriminative stimuli; passive avoidance cues 4) Learning that occurs when two stimuli are presented in close temporal proximity and with some degree of contingency or correlation between them is known as a) classical conditioning b) instrumental conditioning c) generalization d) observational learning 5) Which of the following is an example of extinction? a) A child is rewarded with tokens for good behaviors and loses tokens for bad behaviors. His bad behaviors begin to decrease. b) A puppy begs for food at the table and is given some leftovers at the end of the meal. The puppy continues to beg during several more meals, but after receiving no more leftovers she gradually stops begging. c) A rat learns the way through a complicated maze by searching for a piece of cheese that is at the end of the maze. Eventually, the rat runs through the maze without the presence of the cheese. d) After being bitten by a cat, a child fears cats, small dogs, and rabbits.
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6) This psychologist who focused on the relationship between response and outcome, which he referred to as operant behavior. a) Pavlov b) Watson c) Skinner d) Mowrer 7) The theoretical basis for systematic desensitization is a) reciprocal inhibition b) counterconditioning c) Both A and B are correct d) None of the above is correct 8) Which of the following is true concerning systematic desensitization? a)
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PSYC 1 at San Jose State University .

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exam with answer key (italics) - Psychology 165 Spring,...

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