Class 9 _special needs powerpoint

Class 9 _special needs powerpoint - 4 How many children...

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8/4/2009 1 Class 9: *Behavioral problems, continued August 4, 2009 Conduct Disorder y “…a negative and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or…societal rules are violated.” y Another disorder, Oppositional Defiant disorder, is less serious 2 Criteria for conduct disorder y The presence of three or more criteria in the past 12 months, with at least one criterion present in the last six months (there are 15 separate criteria under these headings): y Aggression to people and/or animals y Destruction of property y Deceitfulness or theft y Serious violation of rules 3
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8/4/2009 2 Other risk factors associated with conduct disorder y Genetic y Some genetic predisposition y Lack of early childhood self control y Early academic difficulties y Some evidence of abnormal “brain arousal” levels y Environmental/social setting y Family history of mental illness y Poverty y Conflicted family relationships y History or poor peer relationships y Child abuse victim, witnessing violence y Illegal substance abuse also associated with the diagnosis
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Unformatted text preview: 4 How many children have conduct disorder? y 9% of children by age 16 y 14% of boys y 3.8% of girls y What happens to these youth as they grow older? y Most youth do not have conduct problems as adults y The more seriously disturbed youth (higher number of criteria, little remorse for actions) often have adjustment problems and/or criminal behavior as adults 5 Assessment y For many of these youth, very difficult for parents to tell difference between normal “acting up” and behavioral disorder y Requires careful inventory of diagnosis criteria y Individual, situational and support system assessment y Instruments often used: The Connor Behavior Rating Scales 6 8/4/2009 3 Treatment alternatives—the good news! y Cognitive Behavioral Therapy y Specialized intensive family therapy y Substance abuse treatment as needed y Medications not helpful and no evidence of effectiveness 7...
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Class 9 _special needs powerpoint - 4 How many children...

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