cities - Feeding the cities K E Y FAC T S In Latin America...

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By 2005, over half the world’s people will live in cities. Supplying them with safe and affordable food will strain the food supply and distribution chain to the breaking point. The difficulties of matching supply and demand and problems with transport, refrigeration and markets lead to losses and raise prices. Urban food production helps, but farmers lack sufficient land, water and knowledge. Experts from all sectors – transport, agriculture, nutrition and public health – are needed to ensure that enough safe, affordable, good-quality food reaches urban residents. l In Latin America and the Caribbean 75 percent of the population lives in cities; this figure will climb to 83 per- cent by 2030. Comparable figures for Asia and the Pacific are 37 and 53 per- cent; for Africa, 38 and 55 percent. l Twenty cities now have a population of more than 10 million. l In urban areas, people spend an average of 30 percent more on food than in rural areas but they consume fewer calories. l Long distances, bad roads, poorly maintained trucks and urban crowd- ing cause spoilage of 10 to 30 percent of produce in transit. l City and suburban farms supply food to about 700 million city dwellers – one-quarter of the world’s urban population. FEEDING AN INCREASINGLY URBAN WORLD KEY FACTS Feeding the cities Streetfoods: a mixed blessing Many urban residents obtain a significant portion of their diet from streetfoods: prepared meals or snacks sold cheaply on the street. Streetfoods are especially useful for the very poor, who lack time and facilities to cook, but office workers and other segments of society also rely on them. Streetfoods are a significant source of employ- ment, especially for women; are sometimes cheaper than cooking at home; and can be highly nutritious, as found in surveys in Indonesia and India. But vendors rarely have access to toilets or clean water and they lack training in hygienic food handling. Their unplanned stalls also obstruct traffic. Municipal authorities have a key role to play in making streetfoods safer and more efficiently organized. Streetfood vendors in Sikasso, Mali.
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cities - Feeding the cities K E Y FAC T S In Latin America...

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