language - Language Language shared symbolic system of...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Language Language - shared symbolic system of communication, Communication is verbal, non verbal e.g., handshake etc. - organized means of combining words in order to communicate. By using symbols we can refer to ideas, relationships, that are not currently present, we can refer to things that never existed e.g. elves.We can refer to abstract concepts e.g. truth. - Through language we can create mental representation of situation, so that we understand the situation and communicate about it. - Linguistics is the study of the structure and change of language. - Psycholinguistics-is Psychology of language, how people learn and use language, the production and understanding of language. - Relationship of brain , cognition, and language is studied by neurolinguistics. Sociolinguistics-deals with social relationships and language. Computational linguistics is study of language via computational methods. - Properties of Language o communicative ± allows us to construct a mental representation of a situation and enables us to understand and communicate o arbitrarily symbolic ± relationship between symbol and its referent is arbitrary (in Spanish Si, in Hindi Haan, each language has its own jargon) o regularly structured- particular pattern of sounds and letters form meaningful words, particular pattern of words form meaningful sentences o multiple levels of representation/analysis- any meaningful utterance can be analyzed at more than one level e.g. she sells sea shells on the shore-------- ------ o generative (productive)- although we have to conform to rules yet language is created. Ease, clarity, succinctness of ideas vary from one language to another. o Dynamic e.g. Wicked- awesome, bad. Linguistic Universals [Hockett] In particular, Semanticity- Meaning e.g. coughing in class on the remark of the professor (Paralinguistics) Arbitrariness- Through this we name everything e.g. word processor( mixie- grinder), computer. Language users have to learn connections between symbols and their referents, since connections are not built in there is no inherent connection between units of sound employed in a language and meaning referred to by those e.g. whale is a small symbol for a big thing,
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
microorganism is a big symbol for a small thing. Connections have to be stored for rapid retrieval .There is flexibility, and also naming allowed through arbitrariness- as in using newer terms when older terms become outmoded e.g., hep in the 80’s is hip now, cool, the multifaceted use of the word delicious Displacement-language gives us the ability to talk about something other than the present moment, as in referring to the past or referring to something as having a futuristic orientation. e.g., imaginary hugs. Generativity (Productivity)-language is novel, speakers literally invent
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PSYC 135 at San Jose State University .

Page1 / 7

language - Language Language shared symbolic system of...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online