Lecture Slides March 1

Lecture Slides March 1 - The Sources of Opinions:...

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1 The Sources of Opinions: POLS107 March 1, 2010 Professor Jackson Socialization During Adulthood Generational effects The Impressionable Years: 17-26 Period effects Life cycle effects Generational/Period Effects 1930s: Great Depression 1960s: Vietnam War 2001: 9/11
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2 Life Cycle Effects As we age, our changing lifestyles, responsibilities, and concerns shape our political priorities and attitudes Ideology over the Life Cycle (% Conservative - % Liberal) 16 22 21 1919-1926 20 20 19 1927-1934 17 19 17 1935-1942 13 12 10 1943-1950 9 10 4 1951-1958 9 10 4 (18-25) 1959-1966 4 0 (18-25) 1967-1974 -2 (18-25) 1975-1982 2000 1992 1984 Birth Year Persistence over Time Basic values and predispositions remain stable, while attitudes on specific issues may change. Panel studies show strong persistence of partisanship, ideology, tolerance over time Bennington Study: 1935-38, 1960, 1984 Jennings & Niemi socialization study: 1965, 1973, 1982, 1997
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3 Group Influences on Political Attitudes Race Ethnicity Religion Gender Age Race in America: Changing Demographics 5.3% 3.5% 2.5% All other races 24% 18% 13% Hispanic (any race) 8% 5% 4% Asian 15% 14% 13% Black 50% 61% 69% White, not Hispanic 2050 2020 2000 Source: US Census The Black-White Divide: Partisanship 42 81 49 7 9 12 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Democrat Republican Independent Whites Blacks Source: NES 2004
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4 The Black-White Divide: Racial Attitudes White Black Gov’t Aid to Blacks 15% 31% Help themselves 54% 29% Gov’t fair treatment in jobs 30% 64% Leave to states/local 33% 6% Favor affirmative action 44% 70% Oppose affirmative action 49% 21% NES (2004) The Black-White Divide: White Black Services/Spending Increase 41% 54% Decrease 23% 7% Trust in Government Most/All of the time 50% 34% Some/None of the time 50% 66% NES (2004) The Black-White Divide: Perceptions Do you think the federal government would have
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Lecture Slides March 1 - The Sources of Opinions:...

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