World_Food_Supply - Current World Food Supply Post World...

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Current World Food Supply
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Post World War II - 1943 British ruled India Bengal Famine ~4 million people died from hunger in Eastern India alone Why? Decrease in food production in the area?
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Amartya Sen (Indian economist) Food shortages from decreased food production in the area + Hysteria post WWII (food supply in India not a priority for England) + Indian traders hoarding food in order to raise prices
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1947 India Independent from England Food security a high priority Led to Green Revolution Led to legislative measures Between 1947-67 increasing farming areas to increase food production were not entirely successful – population increasing at a higher rate than the food supply
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Green Revolution The term "Green Revolution" is a general one that is applied to successful agricultural experiments in many Third World countries. It is NOT specific to India. But it was most successful in India. 1967- 1978
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Three basic elements 1) Continued expansion of farming areas 2) Double-cropping existing farmland 3) Using seeds with improved genetics High Yield Value
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Results of the Green Revolution 1978-79: record grain output of 131 million tons, making India #1 producer in the world 1957-79: 30% increase in yield per unit farmland HYV varieties increased from 7% to 22% >70% wheat crop area 35% rice crop area 20% millet & corn crop area
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course NUFS 139 at San Jose State University .

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World_Food_Supply - Current World Food Supply Post World...

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