Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: When Worlds Collide Western Europe...

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Chapter 2: When Worlds Collide Western Europe Before Columbus o Agricultural Society o Population tripled and advances in technology cultivation to double. o For great majority of Europeans, living conditions were harsh The Merchant Class and the Renaissance o Economic growth of late middle ages expansion of commerce o Heart of European commercialism lay in city-states of Italy. o Italy, with armed commercial fleets, took over Mediterranean Trade. o These merchants became the outfitters for The Crusades. o The Crusades provided access to important ancient texts that inspired the Renaissance. o During this time human life on earth took precedence over the after life. The New Monarchies o Famine and the plague led to ruin. o Catholic Church was destabilized by French and Italian Factions. o Monarchs took power from lords and were new center of power. o They promised internal order as they unified their realms o Monarchs found support from merchants because they granted exclusive
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Chapter 2 - Chapter 2: When Worlds Collide Western Europe...

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