Language Instinct Chapter 7

Language Instinct Chapter 7 - Language Instinct: Chapter 7:...

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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Ling 1 Language Instinct: Chapter 7: Talking Heads (Comprehension)
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Pinker continues his crusade in this chapter also by stating that computers cannot simulate human comprehension of language for various reasons.
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin AI was born in 1950s. In spite of active research in this area for more than 50 years, few encouraging results have been obtained so far. The reasons being :-
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Human comprehension ordinarily takes place in real time. Listeners keep up with talkers; they do not wait for the end of a batch of speech and interpret it after a proportional delay, like a critic reviewing a book.
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin The lag between speaker’s mouth and listener’s mind is remarkably short; about a syllable or two, around half a second.
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Some people can even understand and repeat sentences, shadowing a speaker as he speaks, with a lag of quarter of a second.
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Human comprehension is fast and powerful, yet it is not a perfect system. The reasons are as follows:
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Human comprehension is expectation driven - schema memory for content
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Human mind has a parser that parses sentences into phrasal groups. Parser is a mental program that analyzes sentence structure during sentence comprehension.
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Grammar that is within humans is shared between speakers and listeners (the language we speak is the same as the language as we understand) There is a set of procedures that specify what the mind should do, step by step, when the words start pouring out or when one is about to speak.
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Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, Lin Human comprehension is expectation driven.
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course LING 161 at San Jose State University .

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Language Instinct Chapter 7 - Language Instinct: Chapter 7:...

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