Chap1-Crime&Criminology

Chap1-Crime&Crim - Chapter 1 Crime and Criminology What is Criminology `The scientific study of the nature extent cause and control of criminal

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–6. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 Crime and Criminology
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
What is Criminology? ‘The scientific study of the nature, extent, cause, and control of criminal behavior.’ Interdisciplinary science – sociology, psychology, criminal justice, law, economics, history, biology/natural sciences…
Background image of page 2
A Brief History of Criminology – Classical Criminology Cesare Beccaria Utilitarianism – People choose their behavior to maximize pleasure while minimizing pain. Punishment must be sufficient, prompt, and dictated by law to deter crime.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
A Brief History of Criminology – Classical Criminology Key elements of Classical Criminology: People have free will to choose whether or not they engage in crime. Criminal solutions may be more attractive, as it can provide greater payoff for less work. A person’s fear of punishment may control their criminal behavior. Punishment that is severe, certain, and swift is better able to control criminal behavior.
Background image of page 4
Positivist Criminology Key elements of positivism: Uses the scientific method – problem, hypothesis, data Goal is to predict and explain social phenomena by identifying necessary and sufficient conditions. Only real and observed phenomena can
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 6
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SOCI 153 at San Jose State University .

Page1 / 17

Chap1-Crime&Crim - Chapter 1 Crime and Criminology What is Criminology `The scientific study of the nature extent cause and control of criminal

This preview shows document pages 1 - 6. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online