13 pages Bus 162 Reade Spr 09 South America Final PRojectSA

13 pages Bus 162 Reade Spr 09 South America Final PRojectSA...

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o Analysis of South Africa onomy is in transition due to its post apartheid status. Future studies will have to be done to determine the effe
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Tara Martinez South Africa Country Report Cultural Frameworks South Africa is a land rich with many cultures. According to the website South African Government Information, the groups found in South Africa include the following, “the Nguni (comprising the Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele and Swazi people); Sotho-Tswana, who include the Southern, Northern and Western Sotho (Tswana people); Tsonga; Venda; Afrikaners; English; coloureds; Indians; and those who have immigrated to South Africa from the rest of Africa, Europe and Asia and who maintain a strong cultural identity. A few remaining members of the Khoi and the San also live in South Africa" (www.info.gov.za, April 2009). Clearly, South Africa has many subcultures within its borders. Unfortunately, not all groups have always been considered equal citizens. South Africa has a past plagued with inequality and racism. South Africa is just now transitioning from a long history of apartheid. The past separation and suppression of the Black South Africans has made the evolution to equal rights a long journey. Historically, White Africans have held the majority of the wealth, education, and skills in this country. As a result of this, and the diverse nature of the country, there are clear differences in the cultures found within its borders (The Management Implications of Ethnic Diversity in South Africa, Thomas and Bendixen, 2000). Some in South Africa live in tremendous wealth, while others live in extreme poverty. This is a situation well known in the United States, where many uneducated people are forced to live in unfit conditions because they are unable to make a living wage in unskilled positions. However, unlike South Africa, the US has the greatest GNP in the world, whereas South Africa is ranked 28 th , as of 2005 (www.studentsoftheworld.info, 2
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Tara Martinez South Africa Country Report April 2009). This gap reflects that the US is a developed country, while South Africa is an emerging economy. Although South Africa is emerging, one is able to compare it to developed countries using Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions. With these dimension we can contrast South Africa and the United States in terms of individualism/collectivism, power distance, uncertainty avoidance, and masculinity/femininity. Originally, the only notable gap between the two countries, in respect to Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions, was their degrees of individualism (Responsibility Reporting in South Africa, Dawkins and Ngunjiri, 2008).However, since Hofstede’s first survey in 1980, there have been updated results released in 1994 (Thomas and Bendixen, 2000). Comparisons of the updates reveal results that differ from those first released. It appears as though South Africa is evolving as the country undergoes its integration transition. However, the US and South Africa still share some similarities. They fall within two points of each other in measurement of uncertainty avoidance, both have average amounts. They also display very high levels of individualism. Though the
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