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Week 3_Ehtnographic_content

Week 3_Ehtnographic_content - SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY...

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SAN JOSÉ STATE UNIVERSITY College of Social Work S. W. 242 Spring 2009 Edward Cohen Week 3: February 6, 2009 Qualitative Methods: Observing, Interviewing and Documenting, Part II “Lady, I do not make up things. That is ‘lies.’ Lies are not true. But the truth could be made up if you know how. And that’s the truth!” Lily Tomlin, (Actress, Comedienne), in her “Little Girl” role Terms and concepts you should know: • Self reflective notes • Thematic analysis • Coding • Content analysis • “Quantifying” qualitative data • Unit of content (in content analysis) • Manifest content • Latent content • Observation protocol Last week we focused on interviewing and narrative research. This week we’ll focus on ethnographic research, field observation, field notes and content analysis. I. Ethnography (or Naturalistic Inquiry) A. Ethnographic methods are relevant if you choose to observe a setting for Assignment #2 B. “What is the culture of this group of people?”--this study is a description and interpretation of a cultural or social group or system. The researcher examines the group’s observable and learned patterns of behavior, customs, and ways of life, usually through extended exposure to the group. C. In a “one-shot” observation, your focus is on the following: 1. Social interactions you observe; rituals 2. Use of “social space” 3. Body language, as relevant 4. Overall interpretation of what you observe: D. Method for Ethnographic Study 1. Observation Protocol – a way to structure your field notes and description of the observation. It has two main parts (see also thick description ): a) Description of what you observe (what people do, what they say, 1
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thick description of the setting). May also include sketches of the setting. b)
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