Innatism - Innatist Model of Language Acquisition Dr....

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Unformatted text preview: Innatist Model of Language Acquisition Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism • Theory of Language • Theory of Learning • Theory of First Language Acquisition • Theory of Second Language Acquisition • Criticisms Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language • Language is a system of rules and not a set of structural patterns. • A finite set of rules can generate an infinite number of sentences of infinite length. • • • Language is something unique. Language is species specific. Language is a biological organ (we are born with a genetic capacity). Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language • Language is a system of rules and not a set of structural patterns. Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language • A finite set of rules can generate an infinite number of sentences of infinite length. Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language • Language is something unique. Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language • Language is a biological organ (lateralization hypothesis). Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language • Language is species specific. Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Learning • Mind is not a tabula rasa when we were born (everything is already pre­wired). • It is nature and not nurture. • Mind can overgeneralize whatever it experiences (inductive ability). Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Language Learning • Core language in the form of core grammar is already pre­wired in our brain. • Language learning is a maturational process. • Language learning is discovering the rule system of a language. • Environment is only a trigger of LAD Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: What is Universal Grammar? – The ability to distinguish speech sounds from other sounds in the environment – The ability to organize linguistic data in to various grammatical classes. – Knowledge that only certain grammatical combinations are possible. – The ability to test hypotheses (trial and error) Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Innatism: Theory of Second Language Acquisition • Child second language acquisition is almost the same as first language acquisition. • Adult second language acquisition is qualitatively (fundamentally) different from child first language acquisition (also called fundamental difference hypothesis). Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. Criticisms • Disregard for brain and its mechanisms • Unproven hypotheses • Children do get corrected • It may be an interaction between nature and nurture • Absence of social cognition – Universal grammar hypothesis – Critical period hypothesis Dr. Swathi Vanniarajan, LLD 108 Lecture Notes Dr. ...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course LLD 270 at San Jose State University .

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