Crito_Handout - The Crito In this dialogue we meet Socrates...

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The Crito In this dialogue we meet Socrates again, but this time he has been sentenced and is awaiting his fate in jail. Before the break of dawn, Crito (a good friend of Socrates) comes to visit him. He remarks that Socrates seems to be taking his death sentence in stride. Crito then announces news that the ship from Delos is expected to arrive that day which means that Socrates will be executed the following day. Socrates tells Crito of a vision that had come to him in a dream: a woman dressed in white clothing had said “The third day hence to Phthia shalt thou go” (from the Illiad). Socrates interprets this as meaning that he will not be executed for another three days and the ship will not arrive until tomorrow. Crito, distraught by Socrates’s impending death, pleads with Socrates to escape his prison cell. He gives several arguments in an attempt to persuade Socrates to escape: 1. “For if you shall die….I lose a friend who can never be replaced” 2. “People who do not know you and me will believe that I might have saved you if I had been willing to give money, but that I did not care. Now, can there be a worse disgrace than this—that I should be thought to value money more than the life of a friend?” 3. Crito (and many others) are willing to run great risks and spend as much as it takes to aid Socrates’s escape. 4. Crito has friends in Thessaly who will value and protect him. 5. By sacrificing his life, Socrates is only playing into the hands of his enemies. 6. Socrates will be abandoning his children. Socrates begins to respond by reminding Crito that reason has always acted as their guiding principle. Instead of acting out of fear, anger, revenge, or based on the opinions of others, Socrates has always lived in accordance with reason and the pursuit of wisdom. “We ought to consider whether these things shall be done or not. For I am and always have been one of those natures who must be guided by reason, whatever the reason may be which upon reflection appears to me to be the best; and now that this fortune has come upon me, I can not put away the reason which I have before given: the principles which I have hitherto honored and revered and I still honor, and unless we can
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PHIL 10 at San Jose State University .

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Crito_Handout - The Crito In this dialogue we meet Socrates...

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