“HISTORY” and “MUSIC HISTORY”Gordon Haramaki, Music 12What is History? History is:A written narrative (a story) told from a particular point ofview about what was written in the past. The source of historical knowledge is usuallywhat was written, in contrast to what is physically preserved (the realm of archaeology).Historians frequently emphasize the importance of written records. This emphasis has ledto the term prehistory, referring to a time before written sources are available. Sincewriting emerged at different times throughout the world, the distinction betweenprehistory and history often depends on the topic.•Western-European “History” can be thought of as beginning in with the AncientGreeks of Classical Antiquityand the first written recordof the Olympic Games inBC 776…•And with the Founding of Rome in BC 753•The inclusion of Mesopotamia (4,000 B.C.)—located in the Middle East—in this“Western-European” narrative is for the reason of its invention and use of writing,including the notation of music.Music History
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