Democritus - Democritus 460-370 BCE Basic elements (in...

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Democritus 460-370 BCE
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Basic elements (in reality) F1,F3 Thing (atoms) No-thing (void)
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Basic rule F2 Nothing occurs at random, but everything happens for a reason and because it has to.
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Characteristics of atoms Numerically infinite Imperceptible Minute In motion in the void Their coming together constitutes generation, their dissolution, destruction. Three differences: shape, arrangement, position.
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More on atoms Eternal Indivisible Have no parts Solid Nothing can happen to them. Collide with each other, get entangled. Possess some magnitude. Sensible qualities are due to differences in their size, shape, and arrangement.
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F3 Sweet exists by convention and so does bitter, warm, cold, and color… In actual fact we have no certain understanding, but our grasp on things changes depending on the condition of our bodies, of the things that enter into it, and of the things that impinge upon it. We are removed from reality: in reality we know nothing about anything, but belief restructures things for each of us. Only knowledge that comes through thinking is
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PHIL 70A at San Jose State.

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Democritus - Democritus 460-370 BCE Basic elements (in...

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