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History_of_Reading_Assessment - History of Reading...

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History of Reading Assessment 1918 Reading As Reasoning: A Study of Mistakes in Paragraph Reading, by E. L. Thorndike Thorndike tried to characterize what went on in the minds of readers, but as all other researchers would discover too, he could only use indirect indices of the actual process. Furthermore each task which measured comprehension demanded some cognitive and/or motor task beyond reading. Short answer—in the teens and 20’s Bubbles filled in—began in the 30’s The essay—in the late 40’s Oral response in discussion—more recently 1970-1980’s Behaviorist psychology dominated education from the 1930’s through the 1960’s Three facets of reading comprehension assessment: a) Standardized, multiple-choice tests b) Criterion-referenced assessments of specific skills c) Informal classroom assessments of comprehension The concept of mastery learning is developed by scholars such as Benjamin Bloom (1968) and Robert Gagné (1965), which proposed that students could master any concept if teachers could be precise about the essential elements involved in learning.
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