Definitions of Cognitive Distortions1.ALL-OR-NOTHING THINKING: You see things in black and white categories. Ifyour performance falls short of perfect, you see yourself as a total failure.2.OVERGENERALIZATION: You see a single negative event as a never-endingpattern of defeat.3.MENTAL FILTER: You pick out a single negative detail and dwell on it exclusivelyso that your vision of all reality becomes darkened, like the drop of ink that discolorsthe entire beaker of water.4.DISQUALIFYING THE POSITIVE: You reject positive experiences by insistingthey “don’t count” for some reason or other. In this way you can maintain a negativebelief that is contradicted by your everyday experiences.5.JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS: You make a negative interpretation even thoughthere are no definite facts that convincingly support your conclusions.a.Mind Reading. You arbitrarily conclude that someone is reacting negativelyto you, and you don’t bother to check this out.
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single negative event, negative label, Definitions of Cognitive Distortions