SW175 Week 4 - UnderstandingSocial Problems Social Work 175...

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Understanding Social  Problems Social Work 175 Week 4 February 17, 2010
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Kettner, Moroney, and Lawrence Ch. 3
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Purpose The importance of carefullying thinking though the social problem(s) to be addressed.
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Problem Analysis and Needs Assessment Social problems are designed to address social problems, but often drift in their initial focus to meet the demands of agency and staff. The “bottom line” (loss/profit in the business world) for social service programs is extent to which they meet client need.
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Problem Analysis and Needs Assessment This requires the participation of a group known as program planners: Professionals familiar with the problem Administrators familiar with service capabilities Consumers or potential clients who have experience d the problem firsthand Others knowledgeable and influential in this area of concern
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The Assumption Many planning efforts are initiated with the implicit assumption that the problems are fully understood and their solutions are known. The problems are frequently stated in terms of solutions, qualified by the word “more”
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Limitations of this Assumption Additional resources are not always necessarily the solution. As professionals, we are committed to our own self- efficacy, hard to see otherwise. Staff tend to view potential clients in terms of those services the staff are in a position to offer (Elderly = “Needing” homemaker services, meals on wheels, institutional care, and other services) Only views “possible” mechanisms as the “only” way to do things.
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New Approach The need for data that will lead to a clearer
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course SCWK 175 at San Jose State University .

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SW175 Week 4 - UnderstandingSocial Problems Social Work 175...

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