MSR Lecture NotesSpring 2010Trost, April 15/20The HaukaI.Introduction:A.Movement strongest 1920s-1950s, in W. Africa (Ghana, Niger)B.“Hauka” is used to refer to the spirits, the religion, or the practitioners-They are the “new gods,” “gods of the city,” “gods of technology”C.The Orisha stopped coming; ancestors stopped coming because of technology; the spirits of the British and French colonizers are associated with the ancestorsII.Status of possession among the HaukaA.People invite possession, it gives you strength; possession considered beneficialB.The possessed person takes on the power of the colonizer; when possessed by the spirit of the one who holds the power, you get that powerIII. Influence of colonial ruleA.British rule (Ghana): forced labor, with payB.French rule (Niger): forced labor, without pay, very brutalC.Hauka possession found as a way to cope with colonization D.In French Niger, little girl possessed by unknown spirit, soon a larger group possessed1.
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C. Hauka possession, Hauka I. A., Hauka A. People, MSR Lecture Notes, B. French rule