LEC 14 - EVAL KNOWLEDGE

LEC 14 - EVAL KNOWLEDGE - SHOWTIME! EVALUATING KNOWLEDGE...

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Unformatted text preview: SHOWTIME! EVALUATING KNOWLEDGE INTRODUCTION • KNOWLEDGE IS AN OBJECTIVE OF MOST PHYSICAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS • KNOWLEDGE CAN INCREASE ENJOYMENT AS A SPECTATOR • KNOWLEDGE IS AN OBJECTIVE IN ADULT FITNESS AND REHABILITATION PROGRAMS: WHY FITNESS IS IMPORTANT, HOW TO DEVELOP AND MAINTAIN FITNESS, IMPORTANCE OF GOOD DIET, WHY DID AN INJURY OCCUR, HOW CAN AN INJURY BE AVOIDED, ETC PURPOSES OF KNOWLEDGE TESTS • ASSIGNING A GRADE OR SUMMATIVE EVALUATION • MEASURING PROGRESS OR FORMATIVE FEEDBACK • PROVIDING FEEDBACK TO STUDENTS OR PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS AS TO THEIR STATUS AND WHAT THE CLASS OR PROGRAM KNOWLEDGE EXPECTATIONS ARE • MOTIVATING STUDENTS OR PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS TO LEARN THE MATERIAL TESTED • ASSESSING TEACHING OR INSTRUCTIONAL EFFECTIVENESS LEVELS OF KNOWLEDGE THE FIRST FLOOR LEVELS OF BLOOM’S TAXONOMY TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE TESTS ESSAY VERSUS OBJECTIVE • ESSAY TEST - PEOPLE ANSWER EACH ITEM (QUESTION) WITH WHATEVER INFORMATION THEY CHOOSE AND WRITE THEIR ANSWERS IN SENTENCES • OBJECTIVE TESTS - TRUE-FALSE, MULTIPLE-CHOICE, AND MATCHING HAVE POTENTIAL ANSWERS PROVIDED WITH EACH QUESTION TYPES OF KNOWLEDGE TESTS MASTERY VERSUS DISCRIMINATION • MASTERY TEST - FORMATIVE EVALUATION WITH CRITERION-REFERENCED STANDARDS WHICH ARE USED TO DETERMINE WHETHER INDIVIDUALS HAVE MASTERED THE MATERIAL (PASS-FAIL, PROFICIENT-NON- PROFICIENT); TYPICALLY EASIER QUESTIONS ASKED • DISCRIMINATION TEST - SUMMATIVE EVALUATION WITH NORM-REFERENCED STANDARDS DESIGNED TO DIFFERENTIATE AMONG STUDENTS IN TERMS OF KNOWLEDGE; TYPICALLY HARDER QUESTIONS ASKED TEST CONSTRUCTION • STEP 1: CONSTRUCT A TABLE OF SPECIFICATIONS • STEP 2: DECIDE ON NATURE OF TEST OR TYPE OF QUESTIONS TO BE USED • STEP 3: CONSTRUCT THE TEST ITEMS (QUESTIONS) • STEP 4: DETERMINE THE TEST FORMAT AND ADMINISTRATIVE DETAILS (INSTRUCTIONS, NEATLY TYPED, EASY TO READ, ALL ITEM INFORMATION ON SAME PAGE, TEST ENVIRONMENT, ETC) TYPES OF TEST ITEMS (QUESTIONS) TRUE-FALSE QUESTIONS ADVANTAGES • MANY ITEMS CAN BE ON TEST AS THEY CAN BE ANSWERED QUICKLY • EASY AND QUICK TO WRITE • QUICK TO SCORE • FACTUAL INFORMATION IS EASILY TESTED • STANDARDIZED ANSWER SHEETS CAN BE USED DISADVANTAGES • ONLY FIRST LEVEL OF BLOOM’S TAXONOMY, BASIC KNOWLEDGE, CAN BE TESTED • 50% CHANCE OF GUESSING ANSWER • EASY FOR A PERSON TO CHEAT • ENCOURAGES MEMORIZATION RATHER THAN UNDERSTANDING OF FACTS • CAN BE AMBIGUOUS • MAY TEST TRIVIAL INFORMATION • REQUIRES MORE QUESTIONS TO ENSURE RELIABILITY CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURES • KEEP QUESTION SHORT • USE ONLY A SINGLE CONCEPT IN EACH QUESTION • KEEP VOCABULARY SIMPLE •...
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course KIN 175 at San Jose State.

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LEC 14 - EVAL KNOWLEDGE - SHOWTIME! EVALUATING KNOWLEDGE...

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