APA Format - A Brief Guide to APA Format R Mathur(Child and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: A Brief Guide to APA Format R. Mathur (Child and Adolescent Development) , Format: 1. Your margins should be exactly 1 inch all around the page and the text should be left-justified. Standard font is to be used (e. g., Times or Times New Roman, 12 point font). 2. Text should only be double-spaced throughout (no extra spacing between paragraphs or between references). New paragraphs are indented. 3. You should have a separate title page and separate reference pages. The title of your paper is centered on the first page, includes your name, and institutional affiliation. You should also include a running head at the top of the title page (an abbreviated form of your title) and with your page numbers in the upper right corner (see example at the end of this handout). Your reference list (known in other formats as the bibliography page) should have the word. “References” centered and on the top of the page (see example at the end of this handout). 4. All pages should be numbered (including title and reference pages). Numbers are put in the upper-right corner of the page along with your running head. 5. If you quote something from any source. you must use quotation marks (“”) and include the page number of the quote in the text citation (e.g., Mathur, 2002, p. 13). If you are quoting from an electronic source that does not include page numbers then include the paragraph number (e. g., Mathur, 2002, para. 33). If you are paraphrasing you‘must cite the author’s last name and year of publication (e.g., Mathur, 2002). If you use another person’s words or ideas without using these procedures then you are corrunitting plagiarism and subject to course failure (see specific guidelines for instances of plagiarism in the course syllabus, below, and at the end of this handout). 6. The author and publication date are cited within the text itself rather than the use of footnotes (e. g., (Mathur, 2002) or Mathur (2002) stated ). Only the last name and year of publication are used (unless you are quoting, then include page numbers also). 7. You can use headings in your paper when you are switching topics, as long as you capitalize and underline the heading. However, these headings should not be given extra spacing within the paper. 8. After the first citation of a reference, if there are 3 or more authors, you can make future citations with the listing of the first author’s last name and the Latin expression et a1. (e.g., 1st time: Mathur. Smith, & Jones. 2002; 2“CI time: Mathur et al., 2002). If there are more than six authors use et al. to indicate the remaining authors of the article and in the text use the following citation each time (including the first) the work is cited: (Kieffer et al., 2006). 9. Only put references in the reference section if you actually cite information in the text of your paper. If you have read articles or books on your tepic, but they are not cited in your paper, you cannot include them in your reference section. 10. Check the formatting of your references carefully; punctuation, italicizing, and capitalization mistakes are easy to miss! 1 1. Check that your paragraphs are not too long — a paragraph that is over a page long is usually too long. Do not put extra spaces between paragraphs. 12. Further information is available in the American Psychological Association’s Publication Manual (5th edition). Copies are in the library or available for purchase in the bookstore. APA Format for In-Text (Reference) Citations: Some notes about citations in the text of your paper: 1. After the author’s last name be sure to add the year of publication: Mathur (2002) or (Mathur, 2002) Mathur and Bendersky (2002) or (Mathur & Bendersky, 2002) 2. If you are citing multiple references for gig fact or idea in the text of your paper, list the authors in alphabetical author, separated by a semi-colon: (Mathur, Furrer, & Mooney, 2002; Smith 82; Jones, 1982; Zlavsky & Toboth. 1999) 3. Once you have cited a multiple authored (only 3 or more authors) work once earlier in a paper, from that point on you can use the et a1. expression: Mathur et a1. (2000) 4. Personal communication (e.g., emails, interviews) is generally cited within the text, but n_ot in the reference section: R. Mathur (personal communication, September 20, 2002) Please note that if you are citing your class notesidiscussion- you should cite them as a personal communication as the class lecture includes some unrecoverable information. 5. If you are using a website with no author, cite the institutional affiliation (e. g., University of California (1996)). If no author or affiliation is given use a shortened version of the title with the date for the citation and the full title for the reference section. Note this type of citation is unusual so check with me before resorting to its use. 6. If there is more than one author for a citation, do not alphabetize the last names. Leave them in the order they are presented in the article. In other words, never change the order of the authors’ last names in a source always cite and reference the authors’ last names in order presented in the source itself (e.g., Zharun & Abramson, 2005; Merits & Bart, 2003). 7. Although APA does provide citation information for websites, in this class, most websites are n_ot acceptable references. It is also important to note that onlinejoumals and journal articles are n_ot websites. That is, journals are professional sources and are very different from a magazine. The following are some examples of citations in the body of the paper.- Gurkas (2004) found that some people are very nice. In addition. Levitz (2000) found that some people are not so nice. Afier the author’s East name, add the year of pubiication. Some people are very nice (Gurkas, 2004). If you do not use the author’s name in the text, put it in parentheses at the end of the sentence along with the year of publication. “Students and faculty are nice people" (Gurkas, 2004, p. 204). When using a direct quote, put quoted materiai in quotation marks, give author 's last name, year of publication, and number of the page Or paragraph number ( for each oniine source } on which the quoted material can be found. People who live in the Bay area are nicer than peeple from the greater Pittsburgh area (Gurkas, Levitz, & Cioni, 1998). The first time you refer to a source written by more than 2 authors list their names in the order that they appear in the publication. People in the greater Pittsburgh area have to deal with more crime than residents of the Bay area (Gurkas et al., 1998). The second time you refer this same source, you can use just the last name of the first author with the et al. expression. Many people are nice in the Midwest {Cioni & Schwarz, 2004; Putter & Pittsey, 2003; Gurkas, 2004). List multiple references in alphabetical order according to the first author’s last name. Murphy (1996) found that people in the West live longer (as cited in Cioni & Schwarz, 1998). If you are using a secondary source, name the original source in the body of your paper, but provide the citation for the secondary source- the one that you actually read. Only the secondary source appears on your reference list. Guidelines for Reference section: 1. Any citations made in the paper must be presented in this section and vice versa. That is, if something is not cited in the text, then it should not appear in this section. The only exception to this rule is a personal communication (e. g., e-mail, interviews) that is not put into this section. 2. 1n the paper, whenever you say something like “studies have shown" or “many people think" or anything that you are stating as a fact you must provide a citation. The reference section tells the reader where they can find these citations. 3. This section is alphabetized by last name of the first author involved in each source. Be sure to never change the order of the author’ 3 last names in any source. 4. For each author, give the last name followed by a comma and the first (and middle) initials followed by periods. 5. Separate multiple authors with commas and the last author with the ampersand (‘&’) rather than the word “and”. 6. After the author(s) comes the year (in parentheses and followed by a period). 1’. For a journal reference, italicize the title of the journal and volume number. Capitalize the important words of the journal title. Note for journal articles- do not capitalize the words in the article title. 8. For a book reference, just italicize the book title. Only capitalize the first word of the title. Do include the city, state (as a two-letter abbreviation without periods), and the publisher‘s name. You can omit the state if the city is well known, like New York or San Francisco. The format of each reference is in the form of a hanging indent. That is, the first line is flush left and all subsequent lines are indented. References are double-spaced like the rest of the paper. The following are some examples of references in the Reference Section: Article in a journal with 1 author: Buhrrnester, D. (1990). Intimacy of friendship, interpersonal competence, and adjustment during preadolescence and adolescence. Child Development, 6], 1 101-11 1 1. Article in a journal with 2 authors: Berndt, T. J .. & Perry, T. B. (1986). Children’s perceptions of friendships as supportive relationships. Developmental Psychology. 22, 640-648. Article in a journal with Multiple authors: Bukowski, W. M., Newcomb, A. F., & Hoza, B. (1987). Friendship conceptions among early adolescents. A longitudinal study of stability and change. Joumal of Early Adolescence, 7, 143- 152. Book: Csikszentmihalyi, M., Rathunde, K., & Whalen, S. (1993). Talented teenagers: The roots of success and failure. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Government Publication: National Institute of Health. (1990). Clinical training in serious mental illness (DHHS Publication No. ADM 90-1679). Washington, DC: US. Government Printing Office. Chapter from an Edited Book: Douvan, E. (1983). Commentary: Theoretical perspectives on peer association. In .T. L. Epstein & N. Karwait (Eds), Friends in school: Patterns of selection and influence in secondary schools (pp. 63-69). New York, NY: Academic Press. Online Journal Article based on a print source: VandenBos, G.. Knapp, S., 8: Doe. J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. OR (if you think the print source is different from the online source) VandenBos, G., Knapp. 8.. & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123. Retrieved January 15, 2004, from http:fljbr.org/articles.html For additional help on APA format and writing check out these online sources: 1. http:llowlenglish.purduecdufworkshopsfhynertextx’apafindexhtml 2. httpflwww.wisc.edufwritingfl-Iandbookfindex.html ...
View Full Document

Page1 / 4

APA Format - A Brief Guide to APA Format R Mathur(Child and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online