Maoist Strategies of Modernization

Maoist Strategies of Modernization - ASIA/ANTH/HUMANITIES...

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ASIA/ANTH/HUMANITIES 114 The Topic: THE MAOIST STRATEGIES OF MODERNIZATION AND THEIR CONSEQUENCES
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AN OFFICIAL US (CIA) ASSESSMENT “For centuries China stood as a leading civilization, outpacing the rest of the world in the arts and sciences, but in the 19th and early 20th centuries, the country was beset by civil unrest, major famines, military defeats, and foreign occupation.” “After World War II, the Communists under MAO Zedong established an autocratic socialist system that, while ensuring China's sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life and cost the lives of tens of millions of people.”
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MAOIST STRATEGIES The Agenda: FOUR TOP LEADERS OF MODERN CHINA MAIN EVENTS OF MODERN CHINA HISTORICAL CONTEXTS MAO’S FOREIGN POLICY THE ULTIMATE END OF THE MAOIST REVOLUTION POLITICAL MODERNIZATION ECONOMIC MODERNIZATION CONSEQUENCES OF MAOISM
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THE HISTORICAL CONTEXTS What were the “Historical Contexts” surrounding the introduction of the Maoist strategies of modernizations? The emergence of the new world order after WW II The USA-USSR struggles for world domination The Global Race for national development and national modernization The completion of the first phase of the Maoist Revolution: Liberation of China and creation of the People’s Republic of Zhonghua (known as PRC)
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FOUR TOP LEADERS OF MODERN ZHONGGUO SUN YAT-SEN (1866-1925) Father of the 1911 Revolution CHIANG KAI-SHEK (1887-1975) Leader of the Nationalists (GMD) MAO ZEDONG (1893-1976) Leader of the CCP Communists DENG XIAOPING (1904-1997) Leader of the CCP Reformers
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THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT NATIONALIST LEADERS / S   (1866- 1925) SUN YAT-SEN Medical Doctor Alliance Society co-founder First ROC President (1/12/1912-4/1/1912) GMD Premier (1919-1925) “Father of the Chinese (1911) Revolution”
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THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT NATIONALIST LEADERS S / S   (1887- 1975) CHIANG KAI-SHEK Generalissimo GMD Director-General (1938-1975) ROC President (1928-1975) Leader of the Nationalists
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THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT COMMUNIST LEADERS W       (1893-1976) Mao Zedong (Pinyin) Mao Tse-tung (Wade-Giles) 12/26/1893-7/9/1976 CCP Chairman (1945-1976) First PRC President (1954-1959)
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FOUR TOP LEADERS OF MODERN CHINA DENG XIAOPING (1904-1997) A Hakka, educated in France CCP General Secretary (1956-1967) Chairman of CMC (1981-1989)
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OF MODERN CHINA An understanding of modern Chinese history is premised on an understanding of all the major events and political actors since the latter had shaped the former. All main events and political actors can be
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 114 at San Jose State University .

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Maoist Strategies of Modernization - ASIA/ANTH/HUMANITIES...

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