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Unformatted text preview: Forensic Science T. A. Brettell* Department of Chemical and Physical Sciences, Cedar Crest College, 100 College Drive, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18104-6196 J. M. Butler Biochemical Science Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899-8312 J. R. Almirall Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and International Forensic Research Institute, Florida International University, University Park, Miami, Florida 33199 Review Contents Forensic DNA Analysis 4695 Collection, Characterization, Preservation, Extraction, and Quantitation of Biological Material 4696 Short Tandem Repeats 4696 Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms 4697 Y-Chromosome and X-Chromosome Analysis 4697 Mitochondrial DNA Typing 4697 Nonhuman DNA Typing Systems 4698 DNA Databases, Missing Persons, and Disaster Victim Identification 4698 Interpretation and Statistical Weight of DNA Typing Results 4698 General Reviews 4698 Trace Evidence 4698 Petroleum Products and Explosives 4698 Hairs, Fibers, Glass, and Paint 4699 Gunshot Residue Analysis 4699 Fingerprints 4700 Ink Analysis 4700 Miscellaneous Trace Evidence 4700 Drugs and Poisons 4700 Ethanol and Volatiles 4701 Cannabinoids 4701 Morphine and Related Narcotics 4702 Cocaine 4702 Amphetamines 4702 Benzodiazepines 4703 -Hydroxybutyrate 4703 Miscellaneous Drugs 4703 Other Techniques 4704 Literature Cited 4705 This applications review aims to present a concise survey of articles appearing in publications that primarily appeal to forensic practitioners. With this objective, we have focused our attention on the following journals: Journal of Forensic Sciences ; Forensic Science International ; Forensic Science International: Genetics ; International Journal of Legal Medicine ; Legal Medi- cine ; Forensic Science Communications ; Analytical Chemistry ; Electrophoresis; Science & Justice ; Journal of the Canadian Society of Forensic Science ; Journal of Analytical Toxicology ; BioTech- niques ; and Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology ; as well as Chemical Abstracts Selects: Forensic Chemistry . Our literature survey encompasses the period from January 2007 through December 2008. The format selected for this survey divides coverage into three distinct areas: forensic DNA analysis, trace evidence, and drugs and poisons. Within the scope of each of the areas, key articles have been selected to describe current forensic science practices in analytical chemistry and to outline relevant forensic science research interests. In accordance with the policy of the Managing Editor, we have strived to keep this review limited to important articles and to keep our discussions concise and meaningful. FORENSIC DNA ANALYSIS The literature for forensic DNA analysis has expanded rapidly in the past few years as various technologies and genetic markers have been adopted, validated, and examined in numerous popula- tions around the world. During 2007 and 2008, more than 600 papers and a number of books were published regarding DNA...
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