SECRET_WAR (1) - – N Vietnamese Ho Chi Minh Trail –...

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Secret War in Laos 1946-54 War against French 1953 Laos independent Growing U.S./USSR confrontation (Cold War), fear of Chinese 1955-65 CIA involvement in Lao politics 1962: Official neutrality Hmong Secret Army Armée Clandestine U.S. interests/Hmong interests Role of Gen’l Vang Pao CIA, Air America, rice drops and opium
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Secret War, cont. 1965-75 Full-scale Secret War Pathet Lao v. Royalists
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Unformatted text preview: – N. Vietnamese, Ho Chi Minh Trail – Bombing – Plain of Jars – 2.1 million tons of bombs; 3,000 sorties/month • 1973 Paris Peace Accords • Refugees – 100,000 to U.S. • Moral and legal legacy: – 1977 Protocol I (revision of Geneva Conventions re. War) – International Criminal Tribunal – U.S. “force-projection doctrine” – Cluster bombs...
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