Week_6_sampling_Villarruel

Week_6_sampling_Villarruel - Recruitment and Retention of...

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244 JSPN Vol. 11, No. 4, October, 2006 Accepted for publication April 5, 2006 Blackwel Publishing Inc Malden, USA JSPN Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing 1539-0136 © 20 5 by Nursecom, Inc. July 20 6 14 Recruitment and Retention of Latino Adolescents to a Research Study Recruitment and Retention of Latino Adolescents to a Research Study: Lessons Learned from a Randomized Clinical Trial Antonia M. Villarruel, Loretta S. Jemmott, John B. Jemmott, and Brenda L. Eakin PURPOSE. To describe facilitators and barriers to participation and retention of Latino adolescents in a randomized clinical trial. DESIGN AND METHODS. Participants were part of a randomized clinical trial designed to reduce HIV sexual risk behavior among Latino youth. Responses from 106 randomly selected respondents from the 3-month follow-up were content analyzed. RESULTS. Four main facilitator patterns emerged: peer/family support, program incentives, commitment, and desire to help. Participation barriers included conflicts with other commitments, embarrassment, and lack of peer support. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS. Recruitment and retention of Latino adolescents in research studies is critical to building a research base for nursing practice. Search terms: HIV prevention, Latino adolescents, nursing, randomized controlled trial, recruitment, retention Antonia M. Villarruel, PhD, FAAN, is Profesor, University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI; Loretta S. Jemmott, PhD, FAAN, is Professor, University of Pennsylvania, School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA; John B. Jemmott, III, PhD, is Professor, University of Pennsylvania, Annenberg School for Communications, Philadelphia, PA; and Brenda L. Eakin, MS, is Research Specialist, University of Michigan, School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI. Ac epted for publication April 5, 2006 R ecruitment of adequate numbers of research participants requires significant effort (Lamb, Puskar, number of participants prolongs the time required for the study, threatens internal and external validity, reduces statistical power, and drains scarce research resources (Davis, Broome, & Cox, 2002). Specific popu- lations may require targeted efforts to ensure adequate representation in clinical trials. In this paper, we describe facilitators and barriers to participation and retention of Latino adolescents in a randomized clinical trial. Specific factors have been identified that affect the recruitment of minority adolescents into research studies (Levkoff, Prohaska, Weitzman, & Ory, 2000); however, limited research is available concerning the retention of adolescent participants in randomized clinical trials. Retention has been associated with a variety of factors
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Week_6_sampling_Villarruel - Recruitment and Retention of...

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