Some Reasons to Favor Kant

Some Reasons to Favor Kant - only as a means to some end....

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Some Reasons to Favor Kant's Ethical Theory I. Rational and Impartial Kant's view stresses the importance of rationality, consistency, and impartiality. Insofar as human beings are rational and act from a sense of duty (i.e., follow the formulations of the categorical imperative), then it could be possible for all people to be moral. Also note that Kant's theory prevents any loopholes, self-serving exceptions, or personal biases in determining our moral duties. II. Non-Relativistic Moral Duties Moral duties seem to go beyond all cultures and societies, and at all times. Thus, Kant's theory does not have to worry about the problem of individual and cultural relativism. Moreover, criticisms from moral relativists would not work against Kant's view. III. Human Beings Have Intrinsic Worth Every rational human being has dignity or intrinsic worth. Therefore, every rational human person has a duty to treat one another with respect—i.e., to never be used
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Unformatted text preview: only as a means to some end. To treat a person as an end is to treat them as they freely and knowingly choose to be treated. It is to recognize their humanity; to respect them as rational moral agents who also have their own goals in life. The moment you treat others merely as a means to promote your own interests destroys their worth, moral agency (their humanity). Morality for Kant thus requires that you recognize that each of us has certain rights, goals and projects that must be respected. IV. Consequences Some argue that a person is morally responsible for their actions based on the consequences of their action(s). With Kant's view, we would not have to worry about the consequences when we act or perform our moral duties. As long as we act from a sense of duty (i.e., follow the formulations of the categorical imperative), we would not have to worry (so much) about being responsible for our actions....
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course PHIL 61 at San Jose State University .

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