Lecture 8 - hypotheticals

Lecture 8 - hypotheticals - HYPOTHETICAL REASONING The...

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HYPOTHETICAL REASONING The hypothetical method produces explanations . Explanation purport to shed light on some event. Non-hypothetical explanations are often grounded in direct observation and memory. When direct observation is not possible (i.e., in the face of a mystery) we produce hypotheses (guesses). The process by which we produce these hypotheses is hypothetical reasoning.
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We all engage in hypothetical reasoning every day: Why won't my iPod turn on? Why does my teacher get crazy when my iPod does turn on? Scientists just do it explicitly. Scientific theories are hypotheses for unifying and rationalizing events in nature. Copernicus' theories about the sun and planets Dalton's atomic theory Darwin's theory of evolution
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JOE PHILOSOPHER Philosophical systems, similarly, can be understood as hypotheses for interpreting the content of experience. Plato's theory of forms Aristotle's theory of substance Leibniz's theory of monads
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FOUR STAGES 1. Recognizing a problem 2. Formulating one or more hypotheses 3. Drawing implications from the hypotheses 4. Testing the implications
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DETECTIVE WORK 1. Recognizing a problem A woman has been murdered 2. Formulating one or more hypotheses Aha! The key on the carpet – to a late-model
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Lecture 8 - hypotheticals - HYPOTHETICAL REASONING The...

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