115 study guide - STUDY GUIDE (MW Spring 2009) Study...

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STUDY GUIDE (MW Spring 2009) Study Questions for the Midterm U January 26 - U “What is anthropology?” Anthropology is the study of human been. A. studies all about people: ancestry, organization of cultures, places of origin, physical traits, behavior, influences of different factors on humans and so on. 1. What is an ethnography ? Ethnos means nation from Greek. Ethnography is a writing about people. 2. What is wrong with the idea of a “primitive culture”? 3. What was Edward Tylor’s definition of “culture”? “Culture , or civilization, taken in its broad, ethnographic sense, is that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society.” U January 28 - U “Anticipatory Anthropology?” and “Introduction to Anticipatory Anthropology” by Victoria Razak 1. What is Kaufman’s definition of a system? Culture is collection of parts that interact with each other. A large system may be composed of number smaller subsystems. In general a group of people must be organized to accomplish goal. Example of cultural subsystem: Language, symbols, religion, education, sex/gender, material, cosmology are parts organized in one cultural subsystem. 2. According to Churchman, what do we need to look for when we study a system? When we study a system, we need to look for: The objective of a system The system’s environment including its limitations Recourses available to the system
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The components of the system (including activities and goal) What are two main factors affecting people’s view of the future? How people visualize future depends on their historical perspective and cultural perspective. The ways different people anticipate the future are bound by their set standards and models. 4. What does Razak believe are the two most important contributions anthropology can make to education? 5. What are the “etic” and “emic” viewpoints on a culture? Emic is the description of the beliefs and behavior within a culture (conscious or unconscious). Etic is the description of the behavior and beliefs by observation from outside of a culture (self-conscious neutral point). U February 2 - U “Perspectives on Ethnic Diversity 1. What is race? Race is commonly social construction of groups based on perceived biological differences. 2. What is ethnicity? Ethnicity is sometimes defined as a set of cultural attributes shared by a group of people who believe they share a common ancestry. 3. What are some characteristics ethnic identity may be based on ? Ethnic identity may be based on: country of birth, nationality, language, parent’s country, religion and culture. 4. What are some of the ways members of militarily superior and/or economically
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115 study guide - STUDY GUIDE (MW Spring 2009) Study...

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