STUDY GUIDE (MW Spring 2009)
Study Questions for the Midterm
January 26 -
“What is anthropology?”
Anthropology is the study of human been. A.
studies all about people: ancestry, organization of cultures, places of origin, physical
traits, behavior, influences of different factors on humans and so on.
1. What is an ethnography
? Ethnos means nation from Greek. Ethnography is a writing
2. What is wrong with the idea of a “primitive culture”?
3. What was Edward Tylor’s definition of “culture”?
, or civilization, taken in its broad, ethnographic sense, is that complex whole
which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom, and any other capabilities
and habits acquired by man as a member of society.”
“Anticipatory Anthropology?” and
“Introduction to Anticipatory
Anthropology” by Victoria
What is Kaufman’s definition of a system?
Culture is collection of parts that interact with each other. A large system may be
composed of number smaller subsystems. In general a group of people must be organized
to accomplish goal.
Example of cultural subsystem: Language, symbols, religion, education, sex/gender,
material, cosmology are parts organized in one cultural subsystem.
According to Churchman, what do we need to look for when we study a system?
When we study a system, we need to look for:
The objective of a system
The system’s environment including its limitations
Recourses available to the system