131 week 4 structural and strageic

131 week 4 structural and strageic - Week 4: Families, part...

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    Week 4: Families, part II Structural Family Therapy, Strategic Family  Therapy, the Postdivorce Family System,  and Death in the Family
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    STRUCTURAL FAMILY THEORY Founded by Salvador Minuchin Examines the organization of the family Members define themselves and their place in the family  organization by their interactions Each family member's behavior is simultaneously caused  and is causative of behavior in other members Structural family therapy:  A family therapy approach,  identified with Minuchin, directed at changing the family  organization or structure in order to alter behavior patterns  in its members; the therapist changes the system by  actively participating in its interpersonal transactions.
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    STRUCTURAL FAMILY THEORY contextual  rather than an individual  focus on problems and solutions. Spatial and organizational metaphors  both in describing problems and  identifying solutions
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    Major Tenets of the Structural Outlook Individual’s symptoms are best understood as  rooted in the context of family transaction Change in family organization or structure must  take place before the symptoms are relieved Therapist must provide a directive leadership  role in changing the structure or contest in  which the symptom is embedded
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    Determinants of Well-being The  Wholeness  of the family system The influence of the family’s  hierarchical   organization The interdependent functioning of its  subsystem
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    Pathological Structures Enmeshment:  An extreme form of proximity and intensity in family interactions in  which members are over concerned and over involved in each others life. Disengagement:  Family interaction in which members are isolated and unrelated to  each other, each functioning separately and autonomously. Communication Is Difficult, Little Family Loyalty  Boundaries Are Inappropriately Rigid And Need Very High Levels Of Individual Stress To  Activate Support Scapegoating:  The assigning of a “bad” or “guilty” label onto a family member, who  is held responsible by all for family dysfunction. Often A Child Who Carries The Label Of Deviant Is A Mutual Causal Process Psuedomutuality:  A relationship among family members that gives the appearance  of being open and with mutual understanding, but in fact its not. Maintain Pretenses Of A Normal Relationships Parentification:  The taking on of the nurturing, teaching a role of a parent by a child,  temporarily or permanently.
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    Psychosomatic Families Families of children who manifest severe psychosomatic  symptoms are characterized by certain transactional 
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131 week 4 structural and strageic - Week 4: Families, part...

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