Lecture_on_Neochina - Lecture on Neo-colonialism and...

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Lecture on Neo-colonialism and nationalism in China The breakdown of imperial power in China The last empire: Manchus built Qing dynasty, endured for almost 3oo years – 17 th (1644) – 20 th (1911) The internal problems in the Qing dynasty: 1. Enormous increase in population, almost doubled under Manchus, reaching 300 million by the end of 18 th century with less than 5% increase in arable land. Hence food shortage leading to more rebellion among the peasants 2. Poor govt leadership, increasing taxes, corrupt govt, 3. During one 25 yr period, (1796 -1820), yellow river flooded 17 times. 4. Increase in banditry, riots and rebellion 5. White lotus rebellion, one of many that threatened the Qing Alliance with British: Under these circumstances, Qing dynasty was obliged to consider British demands to open up additional ports for trade, thus breaking Chinese superiority. Opium was an economic and physical havoc at the same time an ethical threat, contrary to CONFUCIAN custom (Grasso, p. 36)
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course HUM 2B at San Jose State University .

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Lecture_on_Neochina - Lecture on Neo-colonialism and...

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