1WritingGuide - 1 SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY School of Social...

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1 SAN JOSÉ STATE UNIVERSITY School of Social Work Writing Guide This writing guide contains a brief overview of common rules of punctuation and grammar, and definitions of the parts of speech. Please note that this guide does not cover all punctuation and grammar rules. For more detailed information and tips on effective writing, please visit these sites: The OWL at Purdue: Grammar and Mechanics sections: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/ APA Writing Stylistics: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/15/ APA Guidelines on Avoiding Bias http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/14/ The Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation: http://www.grammarbook.com/english_rules.asp Section 1: Punctuation Apostrophe Common uses of the apostrophe include : 1) An apostrophe is used to form possessives of nouns Add „s after the singular of a word to indicate it is possessive Example of correct usage: The social worker‟s education prepared her to work effectively with a range of diverse clients. This is the education of ONE social worker Add s‟ after the plural of a word to indicate it is possessive Example of correct usage: The social workers‟ education prepared them well to work effectively with a range of diverse clients.
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2 This is the education of MANY social workers. NOTE: Do not use apostrophes for possessive pronouns (his, her, its, my, yours, ours) 2) To show the omission of letters—used in contractions Examples of correct usage: don‟t = do not I‟m = I am won't = will not it‟s = it is NOTE: AVOID contractions in professional writing . Commas Common uses of the comma include : 1) Commas are used to separate two main clauses when those clauses include a conjunction such as but, however, yet, and , etc….If these words are not used, the sentence is incorrect. Example of correct usage: Reed and colleagues (1997) use the term “positionality” to describe the ways in which all people are positioned within various social groups, and they note that each person is influenced by his or her social group identity, including race/ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation. NOTE: You could also take out the conjunction “and” and replace it with a semicolon: Example of correct usage: Reed and colleagues (1997) use the term “positionality” to describe the ways in which all people are positioned within various social groups; they note that each person is influenced by his or her social group identity, including race/ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation. NOTE:
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3 You could also make the two main clauses separate sentences: Example of correct usage: Reed and colleagues (1997) use the term “positionality” to describe the ways in which all people are positioned within various social groups. They note that each person is influenced by his or her social group identity, including race/ethnicity, class, gender, and sexual orientation. 2) Commas are used between an introductory clause, phrase, or word and the main
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1WritingGuide - 1 SAN JOS STATE UNIVERSITY School of Social...

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