alcohol - Alcohol and Tobacco Smoking cigarettes and...

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Alcohol and Tobacco • Smoking cigarettes and drinking alcohol are behaviors that often begin in adolescence. • Although tobacco companies are prohibited from advertising, promoting, or marketing their products to youth, the companies still target this population. – Marketing “candy” cigarettes – Ads using hip-hop music • Alcohol and tobacco are gateway drugs.
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Alcohol Use • Alcohol use is quite common in the United States. • Many people who drink alcohol drink responsibly. • Responsible drinkers do not allow their drinking behavior to: • Threaten their physical or psychological health • Interfere with their relationships or interactions with others • Threaten the health or well-being of others
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The Impact of Alcohol • Alcohol in a typical drink reaches the bloodstream in 15 minutes and rises to peak concentration in about 1 hour. • Alcohol only leaves the body after metabolism by the liver. • Alcohol is a diuretic and lowers the body temperature. • Alcohol has 7 calories per gram and is classified as a depressant.
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Defining Alcohol Problems Alcohol Abuse - continued use of alcohol despite awareness of social, occupational, psychological, or physical problems related to drinking. Alcohol Dependence - a disorder in which individuals develop strong cravings for alcohol because it produces pleasurable feelings or Alcoholism - a chronic disease in which genetic, psychological, & environmental factors influence its development & manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal.
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Harmful Use of Alcohol Alcohol use becomes harmful use when: –A person drinks alcohol while knowingly damaging his or her health –Gets injured often as a result of drinking –Becomes depressed from drinking
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Alcohol Abuse Harmful use becomes alcohol abuse when the abuser has problems interacting with his or her family, in social settings, or at work. – Alcohol abuser uses alcohol in dangerous situations, i.e., while driving. – The abuser, however, does not develop tolerance or exhibit withdrawal symptoms when not drinking.
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Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism) • Alcohol abuse becomes alcoholism when three or more of the following signs and symptoms occur over a year: – A strong desire or compulsion to drink – Difficulty controlling the amount and timing of
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course HS 1 at San Jose State.

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alcohol - Alcohol and Tobacco Smoking cigarettes and...

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