Chap4-ChoiceTheory

Chap4-ChoiceTheory - Reduce Rewards of Crime Induce Guilt...

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    Chapter 4 Choice Theory:  Because They Want To
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    Development of Rational Choice  Theory Rational Choice has its’ roots in Classical  Criminology, and the works of Beccaria. Revived in the 1960s Gary Becker – Criminals act in a predictable,  rational way when deciding to commit crime. They engage in a cost-benefit analysis, weighing  risks and rewards. 
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    Concepts of Rational Choice Offense-Specific Crime Offender-Specific Crime Structuring Criminality Economic Need/Opportunity False Expectations Personal Traits and Experience Learning Criminal Techniques Structuring Crime Choosing the Place of Crime Choosing Targets
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    Situational Crime Prevention Increase the Effort Needed to Commit  Crime Increase the Risk of Committing Crime
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Unformatted text preview: Reduce Rewards of Crime Induce Guilt Reduce Provocation Remove Excuses Deterrence General Deterrence - If punishment is Certain, Severe, and Swift crime rates should be reduced. Specific Deterrence Punishment should be severe enough that the individual ceases criminal activity. Minneapolis Domestic Violence Study Arrest showed greater recidivism reductions than a warning or cooling-off period. Later evidence contradicted these findings. Incapacitation Logically, by incarcerating criminals crime rates should be reduced And as prison rates have increased, we have seen decreases in crime rates Does this mean Incapacitation works?...
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Chap4-ChoiceTheory - Reduce Rewards of Crime Induce Guilt...

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