Verbs for Referring to Sources You can indicate your attitude to the sources you cite by choosing specific verbs to refer to them. Don't just keep repeating “Smith says.” There is a wide choice of such verbs in English. Use a dictionary to check that you have chosen a verb with the nuance you intend. Here are some grammatical patterns to follow in using these verbs: Pattern 1 : reporting verb + that + subject + verb acknowledge admit agree allege argue assert assume believe claim conclude consider decide demonstrate deny determine discover doubt emphasize explain find hypothesize imply indicate infer note object observe point out prove reveal say show state suggest think (a) Da Souza argues that previous researchers have misinterpreted the data. (b) Researchers have demonstrated that the procedure is harmful. (c) Positivists find that social disorders are exacerbated by class factors. (d) Singh
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