lecture_3x_domestic_hungerx_programsx_for_teacher

lecture_3x_domestic_hungerx_programsx_for_teacher -...

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DOMESTIC HUNGER: The American Response Number of hungry in the U.S. has continued to increase during the last 20 years 1 in 8 children less then 12 years of age suffers from hunger 1 in 4 is either hungry or lives in a household that experiences hunger
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US Poverty Statistics, 2004 37 million people in poverty, up 1.1 million from 2003. Poverty rates per ethnicity African American 24.7% Hispanics 21.9% Asian 9.8% Children < 18 years old 17.8% (13 million) Seniors > 65 years of age 9.8% (3.5 million)
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Share of U.S. Income Spent on Food Between 1980 and 1992, proportion of income spent on food decreased from 14.2% to 11.7% but income rose faster than food prices Currently 15% of U.S. income is spent on food* Food prices are on the rise *Developing nations, 50 to 60% spent on food.
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U.S. Government Programs to Reduce Domestic Hunger 16 Food Assistance Programs Medical Assistance through Medicaid medical coverage in California Housing Assistance Education Job Training TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) for low-income single parents and unemployed married couples
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Federal Assistance Programs Head Start WIC School Lunch and Breakfast Food Stamp Program Meals on Wheels
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Head Start Established in1995, by US Dept of Health and Human Services “promotes school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social and other services to enrolled children and families” Population: Birth to 3 yrs of age, families Nutrition: allocates grants to local nutrition programs to provide nutrition education to pre-schools
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Women, Infants and Children (WIC) “To safeguard the health of low- income women, infants, and children up to age 5 who are at nutrition risk by providing nutritious foods to supplement diets, information on healthy eating, and referrals to health care.”
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WIC cont’d Established in 1974 by USDA Target population are low-income, nutritionally at risk: Pregnant women (through pregnancy and up to 6 weeks after birth or after pregnancy ends). Breastfeeding women (up to infant’s 1st birthday)
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