Lecture3_LangAcquisition

Lecture3_LangAcquisition - Stages and Levels of Language...

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Stages and Levels of Language Acquisition Beginners Stage: The stage when second language learners begin their exposure to the target language. Two levels have been identified within this stage. Level I: represents the non-speaker studying the language trying to make sense of the chains of sounds that he/she listens to, or the words he/she sees in print. Level 2: represents the true beginning of oral communication. The learner uses
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one word, or short phrases to communicate. Intermediate Stage : When the learner arrives at this stage things begin to happen. At the beginning, the learner transitions from telegraphic mode to a basic sentences mode. There are more basic sentences in his/her expression, less single words or short phrases. The learner does well with what Cummins (1984) calls BICS (Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills), but has difficulties with complex syntax and longer texts, as well as with decontextualized instruction, which fall under the category of CALP (Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency).
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Lecture3_LangAcquisition - Stages and Levels of Language...

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