Astro Project 2

Astro Project 2 - the x-rays emitted from black holes in...

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Astronomy 101 March 03, 2009 The XMM Newton mission has a long-standing history even before it was launched in 1999. In 1985 a group was formed to begin work on XMM newton mission, 14 years before it was finally built and launched. The group consists of multiple European scientific institutes, each of which are handled by a Principal Investigator. The actual design of the satellite was developed in 1987. The designers of the XMM developed most of the mission based off the exosat, which was when they discovered that elliptical orbits were much better for satellites. The reason its called the XMM satellite is that it contains multiple mirrors designed to capture
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Unformatted text preview: the x-rays emitted from black holes in other galaxies. The initials XMM stand for X-ray Multi-Mirror. However, the XMM's real name is High-Throughput X-ray Spectroscopy Mission, spectroscopy meaning light being spread in a spectrum. This light is analyzed to allow astronomers to determine the light's source compound. The XMM uses four small thrusters filled with hydrazine gas to orient itself with great precision. Illustration 1: The schematic of the XMM Newton Satellite...
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