2010 Midterm Exam 2 Answer Sheet

2010 Midterm Exam 2 Answer Sheet - Linguistics 21:Language...

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Linguistics 21:Language and Thinking Spring 2010 Mid-Term Test 2 (Total 50 Points; 10% of final grade) ANSWER SHEET Part I – Definitions (10 points total): In no more than three (3) sentences each , choose any five (5) of the ten terms listed below, define each , and state its significance or provide an example . (2 points each) A priory probability Synopsis Margin of error Reductio as absurdum Dialect Slang Jargon Epithet Euphemism Marked / unmarked forms Part II. True/False (7 points total): Indicate in the space provided whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) (one point each). __T__ 1. The premises in the following argument are independent: "Dogs make better pets than cats. They're smarter, more sociable, and easier to train." __T__ 2. The premises in the following argument are linked: "Lake Jean is at a higher elevation than Lake Wallenpaupak, because Lake Francis is at a higher elevation than Lake Wallenpaupak, and Lake Jean is at a higher elevation than Lake Francis." __F__ 3. Logically irrelevant statements should be numbered and included in argument diagrams, but no arrow should be drawn from them to any conclusion or sub- conclusion. __F__ 4. There are two statements asserted in the sentence "Either Paul walks to school or he rides his bike to school". __T__ 5. It is sometimes possible to refute an argument by showing that a single premise in the argument is false. __T__ 6. Reducing to the absurd is a refutation strategy that seeks to show that a statement is false by proving that the statement logically implies something that is clearly false or absurd.
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___T__7. “There is a 1 in 13 chance of drawing an ace from a deck of 52 cards” is an example of relative frequency probability. Part III – Diagramming (15 points Total): In each of the following five arguments, 1) number each of the statements, 2) circle the indicator words, and 3) diagram the argument in the space provided (3 points each). 8. Look, it's this simple. No one is allowed to serve as President of the Math Club unless he or she has at least a B average. Sturdley has, at best, a D average.
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2010 Midterm Exam 2 Answer Sheet - Linguistics 21:Language...

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