MODES OF EUROPEAN REFORMATION AND COUNTER-REFORMATION Magisterial Reformation – describes those Protestant churches that split from the Catholic Church but maintained some traditions of church organization, hierarchy, ritual, and close church/state cooperation. This includes the “state-churches” of Europe, primarily the Lutherans, Dutch Reformed, and Calvinist churches, such as the Presbyterians and the Puritans. Radical Reformation – describes those Protestant religious movements which utilized the Reformation as an opportunity to question all structures of society and religion. Radical Reformation groups challenged the authority of any one – from government officials to religious ministers – who dared to interfere with the direct relationship between God and the individual. These groups placed the stress on immediate religious experience, and tended to be anti-ritualist in observance. They included Anabaptists (modern-day Baptists ), Mennonites, Quakers, and Shakers. Anglican Reformation
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course HUM 191 at San Jose State University .