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Spanish goals - • Built outriggers sailing boats from...

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Spanish colonialism 1. Purpose of a colony is to enrich mother country 2. Religious converts to Catholicism
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Spanish galleon trade 1565-1815 Philippines entrepot for China trade “Pearl of the Orient” Strategic geographic position Galleon trade ends w/revolutions from New World
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Acapulco – China Trade From Philippines, textiles, pearls, abaca (rope) From China, silks, porcelain, luxury items to be sold in European markets From Mexico to Philippines To China, silver coins, gold, Overland trail to eastside Veracruz, Mexico to Spain
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Trade Route Westward from Acapulco, Mexico To Philippines From Philippines to China From China to Philippines to Acapulco Land route across Mexico to Spain Approx. 6 month trip,
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Spanish galleon route
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Filipino Role in Galleon Trade Neolithic ancestors seafaring peoples
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Unformatted text preview: • Built outriggers sailing boats from mainland of Southeast Asia and Indonesia • Traded heavily Indonesia, Malaya, China, Japan, interisland trading • Labor force 1/5 Indio Filipino to Spanish • Hard labor and New World opportunities Political and economic effects • Spanish hierarchy imposed • Catholic conversion, subordination and/or obliteration of indigenous religious view • Monopoly of trade by Spain; no longer free trade w/other countries • Neglect of interior economic development Social effects • By 1800s, class and racial attitudes took hold, establishment of elite • Spanish chivalry, refinement, courtesy • Catholicism • Patriarchal values: madonna (saint)/whore (immoral woman) dichotomy...
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