4-8-09 SOMALI_CONFLICTS-2

4-8-09 SOMALI_CONFLICTS-2 - Som i Conf l i ct s al Modern...

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Somal i Conf l i ct s Modern Somalia- “lawless state”? Traditional conflict management Culture of confrontation godob (revenge for cumulative grievances) Council of elders ( xeer) with powers of expulsion, holy men Diya – blood money Intermarriage between clans Qat chewing Poetry – expressing clan positions
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Somal i Conf l i ct s 2 Colonialism: British/Italian Partitioning of Somali people Issues of land ownership, productivity o disruption Colonial military/bureaucratic elite Imposition of colonial law Independence = 1960 Lack of gov’t diversity Push for “development” – export crops State-controlled military to replace xeer Control of national resources
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Somal i Conf l i ct s 3 General Siad Barre regime (1969-91) Personal power, clan exclusion “modernization” Cold War politics of arms and aid 1991 coup Outside involvement United Nations U.S./U.S.S.R Ethiopia “New World Order”
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New Wor l d Or der collapse of USSR oend of Cold
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 146 at San Jose State University .

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4-8-09 SOMALI_CONFLICTS-2 - Som i Conf l i ct s al Modern...

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