Indian Responses to European Challenges

Indian Responses to European Challenges - THREE TYPES OF...

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THREE TYPES OF MUGHAL AND INDIAN RESPONSE The Agenda THREE TYPES OF MUGHAL AND INDIAN RESPONSES TO THE BRITISH CHALLENGES THE CONSEQUENCES OF INCORRECT RESPONSES
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AN OVERVIEW OF THE POLITICAL CULTURES IN SOUTH ASIA What were the great empires existed in the South Asian subcontinent? The INDUS VALLEY EMPIRE (2500-1500 BCE) The MAURYAN EMPIRE (ca. 323-185 BCE) The MUGHAL EMPIRE (ca. 1526-1827) The BRITISH COLONIAL RULE (1858-1947)
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THREE TYPES OF MUGHAL AND INDIAN RESPONSE The Questions How did “Mughal India” response to the European challenges in general and the challenges of the British East India Company in particular? What were the consequences of the Mughal and Indian responses?
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THREE TYPES OF MUGHAL AND INDIAN RESPONSE What was “Mughal India”? The British East India Company (hereafter BEIC) turned to Mughal India after “an ugly incident in 1623” [Heinz: 340.4]. The BEIC found “the Mughal Empire at its peak, which had a mighty army but no fleet.” [341.1] The French and Portuguese were active. GOA in the hands of the Portuguese
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THREE TYPES OF MUGHAL AND INDIAN RESPONSE What was “Mughal India”? The Mughal Empire (1526-1826) can be viewed as a political pyramid: Mugal Dynasty: Emperor and warrior class Hindu and Non-Hindu Ruling Elites: Rulers of all ranks governing various kingdoms Varna system Brahmins (in charge of religion and education) Kshatryas (in charge of government and defense) Shudras (in charge of serving the twice-born varnas) Caste system Thousands of jatis (each specializes in one service)
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THREE TYPES OF MUGHAL AND INDIAN RESPONSE How did “Mughal India” respond to the BEIC? It depends on which “Mughal India” we have in mind. Mughal India of the Mughal emperors? Mughal India of Hindu and non-Hindu ruling elites? Mughal India of Hindu and Muslim sepoys working for the BEIC? What is a sepoy?
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RESPONSE How did “Mughal India” respond to the BEIC? Given the structure of “Mughal India” as
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This note was uploaded on 09/08/2010 for the course ANTH 114 at San Jose State University .

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Indian Responses to European Challenges - THREE TYPES OF...

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