ling 122 power point2

ling 122 power point2 - 1 Linguistics and Law lof...

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Presenters: Jessica Tyndall, Marc Marasigan, and Diana Saballos l Ch. 1 Linguistics and Law l of Linguistics at Work: A Reader of Applications by Dallin D. Oaks
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Language and Memories in the Judicial System l Articles l “The” vs. “A” l Users “understand” that “the” is typically preceded by a noun whose referent is presumed to exist, while “a” makes no such assumption. l Qualifiers l “Some” vs. “Any” l “Some” is used in declarative sentences while “any” is used in negative sentences. l Tag Questions (Ex) “You saw the bike, didn’t you?”
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Language and Memories in the Judicial System (Cont) l Response (when item is present) Some Any Yes 68 59 No 22 33 Maybe 10 8 When Item is not present Yes 29 21 No 66 72 Maybe 5 7
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Mc- Meaning in the Marketplace l Is “Mc” distinctly associated with McDonalds or does it have its own meaning? l Research shows that Mc has 7 meanings l 1. Ethnic associations (Irish) l 2. Alliterative patternings arising from a proper name l 3. Acronyms l 4. Products of McDonald’s l 5. Macintosh computer products l 6. Parodies of fast-food product or service l The Meaning “Basic, convenient, inexpensive, standardized”
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Case – Suicide Letter l 1981 – Sydney husband is arrested on charge of homicide. l Produced a 6 page type-written letter that he claimed was written as a farewell from his wife. l Police were able to obtain a reasonable amount of material that had been written by both the husband and wife.
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Forensic Analysis - Stylometry l Stylometry – field that examines the linguistic style that varies from one individual to another l This analysis was used in determining the authenticity of the suicide letter
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Procedures l Premise is that writers have many constant features in their practice
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ling 122 power point2 - 1 Linguistics and Law lof...

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