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GLOBAL_PUBLIC_HEALTH_ISSUES_2

GLOBAL_PUBLIC_HEALTH_ISSUES_2 - GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES...

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GLOBAL PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES Roles of the Community Health Nurse
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Global Health Concerns Infectious disease Injury Chronic disease Mental health Poverty and malnutrition Women’s health Care of elderly Tobacco use Environmental health Disasters Global terrorism
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Infectious Diseases Vaccine preventable (childhood illnesses) 23% of children born each year receive no immunizations 1980-Smallpox eradicated (WHO) Goal: Elimination of poliomyelitis in the Western hemisphere is almost achieved
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Definitions Eradication: reduction of worldwide incidence of disease to zero as a result of deliberate effort, so that further control measures are not needed (CDC, 1993) Elimination: a selected disease no longer occurs in one area of the world as a result of deliberate efforts (CDC, 1993)
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Targeted for Eradication Dracunculiasis (guinea worm disease) Poliomeylitis (1994-Wild Virus Polio eliminated from Western Hemisphere) Filariasis Mumps Rubella Pork Tapeworm
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More Infectious Diseases Tuberculosis HIV/AIDS (2.6 million deaths) Diarrheal Diseases (2.2 million deaths) Malaria Respiratory infections
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HIV Who are the populations at risk worldwide? Interventions? WHO and Public Health roles How is care prioritized?
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Non-Infectious Health Problems Chronic diseases (increase in mortality due to malignant neoplasms, diabetes, and CVD) Injury Mental illness Nutritional problems Environmental causes of disease
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Mental Illness Unipolar major depression –ranked 4 th in disease burden of chronic illnesses Includes neuropsychiatric conditions, alcohol/drug dependence, and psychoses
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