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Week 2_240_logicscientificmethod_handout

Week 2_240_logicscientificmethod_handout - ScWk 240 Week 2...

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1 ScWk 240 Week 2 September 5, 2008 Student reports: 1. Address two questions from study guide for Gambrill article 2. What are the characteristics of a good topic for social work research? 3. What are some differences between exploratory, descriptive, and explanatory types of studies? 4. What are the components of a research hypothesis and the difference between “research question” and “hypothesis”? I. Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) A. What do we mean when we say “ empirical ”? Relying or based on observation rather than on theory, opinion, or guessing. B. Study guide questions: What is an “evidence-based practice”? Check out http://www.cachildwelfareclearinghouse.org/search/topical-area/9 for EBP examples related to parental substance abuse What do you think of the rating scale used to categorize these interventions? In the author’s view, what should be the role of practitioners? Of clients? Of research method? On p. 348 there is mention of a “hierarchy of evidence?” What does this mean? A social worker conducts group therapy with domestic violence victims justifying it by explaining “my agency has done it for years.” What would the author say about that? In a child welfare agency your supervisor assigns you to a committee to decide whether to implement a 10-week parent education group. What are your first tasks? C. Definition: R,B & L: Using the best scientific evidence available in deciding how to intervene with individuals, families, groups, or communities 1. Most associate “best scientific evidence” as experimental research designs (randomized treatment studies) but there is more acceptance of other types of research designs, especially when the practice is implemented in community settings 2. Examples of evidence-based practices a) SAMHSA’s National Registry of EBP http://www.nrepp.samhsa.gov/ b) California Child Welfare EBP Clearinghouse http://www.cachildwelfareclearinghouse.org/ D. EBP not just a noun—also a process
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2 II. The Role of Theory in Research A. Paradigm—a fundamental model or frame of reference that organizes our views about something B. Of assumptions, values and theories C. What is “theory” and why do we need it? 1. Definition of theory in the social sciences: “a systematic set of interrelated statements intended to explain some aspect of social life or enrich our sense of how people conduct and find meaning in their daily lives.” 2. Purposes of theory in research: a)
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Week 2_240_logicscientificmethod_handout - ScWk 240 Week 2...

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