Societal and Cultural Aspects

Societal and Cultural Aspects - Societal & Cultural...

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Societal & Cultural Aspects of Diet Vegetarianism, Insects as Food, Cultural Foods
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Why Vegetarian? Economics Health Food Safety Religion Concern for animal rights Hunger issues Environmental issues Moral issues
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Food Safety: Escherichia coli O157:H7 An emerging pathogen, now causes infection in more than 70,000 people per year An extreme case: Video: Tainted Meat http://video.nytimes.com/video/2009/10/03/health A young woman developed hemolytic uremic syndrome and was paralyzed as a result of eating a hamburger tainted with E. coli 0157:H7
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Food Safety: Escherichia coli 0145 The latest E. coli outbreak, on the east coast, late April, 2010 Romaine lettuce involved; FDA is investigating a lettuce farm in Yuma, Arizona Many of the victims have been hospitalized - three have developed hemolytic uremia syndrome (HUS), a life threatening complication Shiga toxin-producing strains like E. coli 0145 and E. coli 0157 produce a poison that can cause the blood to improperly clot, resulting in organ failure
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Types of Vegetarians Lacto-Ovo Vegetarians: No red meat, poultry, or fish. Will consume dairy products and eggs Pescetarian: No red meat or poultry; Fish OK Vegan: Plant foods only. May also avoid non-food animal products (such as leather) as well
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Types of Vegetarians Macrobiotic: 50% diet is whole grains; other 50% is soups, vegetables, legumes, and seaweed Raw Foods: raw produce, nuts, seeds, sprouted grains and beans, raw dairy products Fruitarian: raw fruits, nuts and seeds Flexitarian: a vegetarian who occasionally eats meat; being flexible in practice of vegetarianism or veganism. A flexitarian might make only vegetarian dishes at home, but eat dishes including meat at home of family or friends
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Hunger Issues ~70% of U.S. grain harvest vs. 38% of the
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Societal and Cultural Aspects - Societal & Cultural...

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