May0310 PRINTABLE

May0310 PRINTABLE - Last time... I What defines the genus...

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Unformatted text preview: Last time... I What defines the genus Homo? 0 When does Homo first appear? Where? 0 How do we identify these fossils as Homo rather than Austmlopithecus? 0 How are Home habilis different from the other hominids they are contemporaneous with? Adaptive pattern 0 How does the adaptive pattern of early Homo differ from that of the Australopithecines? 0 Why was brain size selected for? 0 What else changes in adaptation when brain size increases? Olduwan tools I What are Olduwan tools? 0 How are they made? 0 When are they first found and with which species? H. habilis v. H. erectus 0 What makes these two species different? 0 When are they found in time? space? Possible Homo species Home habms 7 Sometimes the same 0 Homo rudolfensis O Homo ergoster >Sometimes the same 0 Homo erectus Homo erectus lifeways 0 tool technologies that reflect advanced cognitive skills 0 Dietary shift to a more heavily meat- based diet than its predecessors Homo erectus 0 Who is Homo erectus? 0 Where is this species found? 0 In what time frame? 0 What are its identifying anatomies? Zhoukoudian 300 kya Homo floresiensis 95.000-l3,000 Cranial capacities - Cranial Capacity m Homo antecessor / Homo erectus? Atapuerca Atapuerca I.2 mya 800.000 Cultural changes 0 Greater home range - SIGNIFICANTLY 0 More complex stone tools - Acheulean industry Acheulean handaxes ral 0 Care of elderly (over 40!) 0 More complex stone tools - Acheulean industry What is special about Cultural changes Homo erectus 0 Left Africa . Control of fire 0 Made more complex stone tools 0 C t H df‘ 0 Construction of shelters (?) on m e Ire _ 0 Constructed shelters O Crossing of water 0 Modern human proportions and big brains / \ém \ M Malianng archaic Homo 1| Archaic Homo Am- "qu0 mm... Archaic Homo O bigger brains 0 higher skull 0 less pronounced brow ridges O chin? 0 less prognathism Imy Time frame modern I60 H. neanderthalensis? 300 27 H. heidelbergensis? 600 200 500 k Bodo 600.000 “Species” of Archaic Homo 0 Home heidelbergensis 0 Home rhodesiensis 0 Home neanderthalensis O +More 1t. Kabwe 1R 2v Petralona Mauer In Dali jinnuishan n 1:3,. .- {j/fi )'l Syd:- ‘ng 3; "f‘ 5'3 p1,- ~ 0mm.-. 1‘.“ a I. _. mm..." “‘1‘...” IaLMA- .. um "I .1 "awn-m Multan-g .. a. .w. \. Maba l4 .1 nunun mg.- "mg \cud‘ “Li‘s \ ‘ "" - , " "' ' Neanderthal “ ( m-Mu mm b .1.‘n1...-\.n .Murm,“ ‘ Amos eovcnw wizh glacial ice dining the Pla‘blocene Budground: Neundcrtal Rcconstrvnions Euopo mmg m: |n1 bu A9. an M yull Inol Neandertal features Mean cranial capacity of I400 cc - up to I600 Large projecting midfaces Retromolar gap Supraorbital torus. double arched Receding frontal bone Occipital bun ...
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May0310 PRINTABLE - Last time... I What defines the genus...

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