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Unformatted text preview: Anthropology 160: Quiz ANSWERS Answer the following five questions to the best of your ability. Be sure to answer all parts of the question to receive full credit. Each question is worth 5 points. Answer these questions on a separate sheet (typed please). This quiz will be due in class on Monday April 26 th . 1. How do archaeologists define a state? And, when do they first appear? Definition of State: Social hierarchy social stratification Formal political organization Concentration of surplus Public works Art Math Writing Extensive long distance trade First appear? The earliest evidence for state formation is in the Near East at Mesopotamia at roughly 5000 BC. Shortly after this, Egypt emerges as a polity and then the Indus Valley and China emerge as secondary centers of state formation (Mesoamerica and South American polities emerge after this). Also, these are different from the early agricultural sites that emerged in the Neolithic at around 9000...
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